What drives you to keep going and advocate PSHE education?
We’re driven by a need to ensure that children have access to the right information at the right time. It’s been brilliant that about 80% of PSHE has been made statutory and has been for the last 3 years, but it’s still early days in the whole scheme of things and there remain some areas, such as Relationships, Sex and Health Education (RSHE) that need working on to ensure teachers are well supported to feel skilled and confident to teach the subject, and to ensure the voices of children and young people are being heard – and that this is informing our curriculum offer.
What are some of the key issues you think we are currently facing in PSHE?
A lack of confidence in teachers and schools to make the best decisions for the pupils they teach in RSE. There’s a lot of scaremongering happening in the media at the moment; RSHE has become very politicised, yet the majority of schools are doing a fantastic job and the vast majority of parents and carers trust that their child’s school is doing the right thing. A recent research report carried out by Durham University found that 91% of parents had never felt the need to contact their child’s school about RSE.
In your experience, what are the challenges faced by teachers with PSHE?
Tackling the misinformation that is out there, which in turn leads to lots of time spent meeting with parents to allay their fears about what is being taught – and when – to their child. This is increasing teacher workload and having a negative effect on teachers’ confidence in delivering the subject. This can have a detrimental impact on schools and lead to them choosing not to teach subjects such as sex education, even though the Department of Education strongly recommends primary schools do. In turn, this leads to children losing out and not getting the information they need and want at a timely point – for example, not preparing them for life in secondary school.
What would be your three Top Tips?
If you could encourage all Primary school teachers to consistently do ONE thing in PSHE, what would it be?
When delivering PSHE, it’s really important we spend time creating a safe learning environment. It’s important for both staff and pupils to know what’s expected of them, where the boundaries are, and the importance of respecting those boundaries. It helps everyone to feel comfortable, knowing that pupils’ and teachers’ personal experiences aren’t relied upon when learning about issues that can feel sensitive to some. This gives children and young people the confidence to speak out and ask questions, without fear of being put down, laughed at, or belittled in any way.
Lisa & Jan both lead the Gateway Alliance Curriculum CPD – Personal Social Health & Economic education events with the most recent receiving fantastic feedback:
‘The session was excellent, so relevant and really helpful for me in my next stages of subject leadership and developing it more proactively.’
‘They provided us with various ideas that we could use with parents and thinking about the importance of using a shared voice towards curriculum development’.
‘The session was very informative with lots of different ways of engaging us.’
Lisa Handy is a highly experienced RSE Educator, Trainer and Consultant. With over 20 years’ experience within the primary and secondary RSE field, having previously worked for Brook, NHS, National Children’s Bureau and was previously a Sex Education Forum Coordinator. Lisa now leads teacher training courses as Coram Life Education‘s RSHE Training and Programme Manager enabling schools to implement high-quality provision for PSHE and meet Ofsted expectations.
Jan Forshaw MBE is the Head of Education for Coram Life Education and responsible for managing and developing the
education services, including their content, strategic direction and evaluation. Jan oversees SCARF and its effectiveness in embedding a whole-school approach to children’s physical and emotional wellbeing. Her earlier career was as a teacher in middle and primary schools, including senior leadership roles. On Thursday 20th April 2023, Jan Forshaw received her MBE as part of the New Year’s Honours of King Charles III in recognition of her incredible service to Life Education during Covid.
If you want to know more, you can find both Jan & Lisa on X (Twitter):
Coram Life Education on X (Twitter) @CoramLifeEd
Lisa Handy on X (Twitter) @HandyEyes
If you would like to benefit from Lisa & Jan’s expertise to support your PSHE provision in school, please contact us on email@example.com
Click here to find out more about our other Curriculum CPD events this year at Gateway Alliance.
What drives you to keep going and advocate Religious Education?
I am fascinated by the wisdom and treasures of the world’s religions and worldviews. I think that understanding these opens up our ability to be human, to understand others and to consider how different cultures have answered life’s big questions. There is always more to learn as religions are so dynamic!
What are some of the key issues you think we are currently facing in RE?
RE is at an exciting moment! The work undertaken by many in the RE community to focus on the idea of worldviews gives us an opportunity to engage and enthuse all pupils. Showing worldviews as living breathing traditions – that are inherently diverse I think speaks to the world as it is today. I think the work on ‘ways of knowing’ – seeing the different academic disciplines that underpin RE – enables us to show pupils that RE is such a relevant subject in the globalised world we live in.
In your experience, what are the challenges faced by teachers with RE?
Many people worry in RE that they are going to say the wrong thing, or make mistakes and upset other people in the classroom. This is not helped by the fact that teachers receive very little RE in their initial teacher training.
You cannot know everything about RE – so it is fine to say ‘I am not sure,’ or ‘Let’s find out more together.’ Secondly, remember every pupil will have their experience of their worldview, but it may not be the same as others. If you are teaching about something – and you know it is from a reliable source – and a pupil says they do something different – use this as an opportunity for exploring what is similar or different in their family.
What would be your three Top Tips?
If you could encourage all Primary school teachers to consistently do ONE thing in RE, what would it be?
Use your local area to support you! What do religions and worldviews look like there? How is it similar or different from the wider area or the UK?
Seek out diverse representations of artwork, buildings and people. Challenge misconceptions that Jews, Christians, Muslims etc all look a certain way or come from certain countries. Allow pupils to see how religion is a worldwide phenomenon.
Adam leads the Gateway Alliance Curriculum CPD – Religious Education events with the most recent receiving fantastic feedback:
‘Lots of useful ideas that can be applied to the classroom and adapted for different year groups.’
‘Again, love Adam’s provision of hands-on ideas that can actually be applied within the classroom.’
‘Everything was useful. Adam was clear and concise and put a big focus on EYFS and KS1 which was helpful.’
‘A great insight into religions that I don’t know a great deal about with super lesson ideas and good consideration of assessment in RE.’
Adam Robertson works as Subject Lead for RE at Oak National Academy. Previous to this he was a National Adviser for RE Today. Until June 2021, he was a primary teacher for 14 years, much of it spent as a subject leader for RE. In addition, he worked as a schools’ adviser for the Diocese of Bristol for four years – helping schools improve their understanding of RE.
Adam has been a member of the NATRE Executive since 2018, served as an adviser to SACRE, and led RE Hub groups in Bristol and South Gloucestershire. He has a passion for the teaching of high quality RE that utilises pupil’s creativity and questioning.
You can find Adam on X (Twitter) @Ad_Robertson
If you would like to benefit from Adam’s expertise to support your RE in school, please contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org
Click here to find out more about our other Curriculum CPD events this year at Gateway Alliance.
What drives you to keep going and advocate Design and Technology education?
For me, it’s all about making sure that children have those core skills that they’ll need to succeed in life. Skills such as creativity and problem-solving which are so vital. It’s about raising children’s aspirations.
What are some of the key issues you think we are currently facing in D&T education?
It’s always time and budget. Then the lack of either knowledge or confidence in class teachers when teaching D&T with their children. There’s a huge recruitment crisis in engineering and manufacturing and the place to start addressing this is in Primary schools. It needs to start here.
In your experience, what are the challenges faced by teachers with Design & Technology?
This goes back to teacher confidence I think – having the necessary knowledge and understanding. My experience suggests that the Design and Technology leaders have the buy in, but are all class teachers? It’s also interesting how very little time is spent on Design and Technology as part of Initial Teacher Training – it just doesn’t feel like the subject is as high profile as English or Maths and yet D&T provides such a great context for both English and Maths learning.
What would be your three Top Tips to overcome these challenges?
If you could encourage all Primary school teachers to consistently do ONE thing in D&T, what would it be?
Make it real and relevant. Give children a problem to solve and watch them innovate. Just like today with the D&T leaders ‘Build a mechanical system to move a ball’ A great opportunity to explore how products are manufactured. And the key is to ensure you assess all the risks and put measures in place through your risk assessments to mitigate against these.
Leanne leads the Gateway Alliance Curriculum CPD – Design and Technology events with the most recent receiving fantastic feedback:
‘Really informative and useful to have practicals to embed skills and what we are asking of the children and staff delivering D&T in school.’
‘Opportunity to make, think, collaborative working and to ask questions.’
‘Practical engaging session showing DT skills in action. Really good to focus on structures and mechanisms.’
‘Really interactive and gave lots of ideas to use in school. Assessment info was also helpful.’
Leanne Mee founded The STEM Workshop in 2018 as a direct result of the decline of Design and Technology within schools. She is an experienced leader and teacher having previously led various subjects to include Design and Technology, Science and Maths. Leanne secured a National Professional Qualification in Senior Leadership for bringing about sustainable changes across STEM within her previous role. In the work Leanne has done in supporting the work across several organisations and schools she was awarded an Excellence Award in 2021 from the Design and Technology Association for the Development of STEM Learning Opportunities Award.
You can find Leanne on X (Twitter) @theSTEMworkshop
Click here to find out more about our other Curriculum CPD events this year at Gateway Alliance.
Time spent reading and talking about books is never time wasted and will tell you so much about the personalities of your students, their wants and desires, their understanding of the world and how they communicate with others.
The National Literacy Trust have a few ideas to get you started with effective book talk and engendering an interest in, and desire to read, for children aged 5-14. You need to be a member to download these resources but with so many other great materials at your finger tips, signing-up to the National Literacy trust website is a great idea (and a fantastic charity to support).
For other transition RfP activities, there is also Teresa Cremin and the Open Universities Reading for Pleasure Website which is also packed with ideas that would be perfect for the first week back to school. Here is a link to their book talk page which has many examples of good practice from their partner schools, which will inspire you to plan effective book talk in your own classroom.
Finally, hopefully you have had a chance to read (and enjoy) the DfEs NEW Reading Framework (including a revision of the Early Years Reading Framework – 2021). This is an important and comprehensive document that is a blue print for a successful reading curriculum. You may not agree with it all but it will be a reference point for organisations such as the DfE and Ofsted moving forward. If you have read it then pass on the information to other leaders in your school and if you want an insight into the implications of the document, Ruth is holding a Leadership Briefing on 29th September at Becketts Farm in Whythall with English experts Abigail Steel and Rebecca Kennedy. This is not a Gateway event but all are welcome.
Ruth Baker-Leask leads the English Network at Gateway Alliance and is an experienced consultant, leading successful English CPD for 20 years, and former primary Head Teacher. Ruth is the chair of the National Association of Advisers in English (NAAE) and as such works regularly with the country’s leading researchers and experts in the field of Primary English.
Ruth is an associate teacher for the Centre for Literacy in Primary Education (CLPE) and an associate consultant with the National Literacy Trust. Ruth is a member of the United Kingdom Literacy Association Awards and Members Panel.
Ruth also regularly leads CPD on behalf of the Little Sutton English Hub as well as developing resources alongside the hub team.
Nurturing the Roots of Well-being
Wild green spaces are shrinking and children are spending less time outdoors, but research shows that ‘green time’ is crucial for emotional well-being and cognitive development. Dr. Ann Masten, whose research focuses on factors that enhance resilience, talks about the concept of ‘ordinary magic.’ By this, she means that children develop resilience through their interactions with the environment and relationships with competent, caring adults. Therefore our role is to enable children access to powerful environmental experiences, particularly outdoors.
The Five Ways to Well-being
The five ways to well-being are: connect, take notice, be active, give, and learn. The outdoors effortlessly lends itself to addressing these in Early Years. Children need a sense of connection to the land as well as to significant people. Nature-themed scavenger hunts can be a great way to build the connection to the natural world. The design of the outdoor environment is also key. Mud kitchens stimulate great communication, and the ‘cooking’ – chopping grass, stirring water, kneading mud, adding herbs – is a mindful process.
Psychologist Evan Kidd’s research shows that pretend play between adults and children elicits increased conversational turn taking and longer episodes of joint attention. Outdoor loose parts such as planks, crates, and guttering prompt children to problem solve collaboratively and ask more complex questions, and adults begin to use less directive language.
Moving in the right way
Occupational therapists talk about the ‘just right challenge’ where the adult observes the child in order to support them to move out of the comfort zone into the growth zone, whilst being careful not to venture too far into the danger zone. However, the danger zone does have its benefits! Professor Helen Dodd stresses the importance of the role of adventurous play in teaching children about uncertainty, fear, arousal, and coping. When children get to repeatedly play in this way, they are better prepared to deal with anxiety and fear-provoking situations. Even watching other children tackle these challenges helps. Climbing, for example, is instinctive behaviour for children. Children instinctively want to climb, and often seek the highest point they can access. Even babies have climbing skills – how those skills develop depends very much on whether children get the opportunity to practise. Children need to practise climbing, and every opportunity helps children learn more about body awareness and balance.
Activities such as ‘meet a tree’ can further build the nature connection. One child wears a blindfold and another guides them to a tree. The blindfolded person ‘meets’ the tree, putting their arms around it, feeling the bark, reaching up as high as they can and as low as they can. They then both move away and the blindfold is removed. Can the child guess which tree it was?
Scavenger stories are another good way to support children to take notice of what is around them – ask the children to find 3 different things outside such as leaves and twigs. Can they put these in a story, connecting the objects in some way?
The sit spot activity helps a child to really get to know a little area of nature. First, the children find their own special spot. This might be on a patch of grass, or on a log or on a bench. They get comfortable and think about what they can see, feel, hear and smell. Revisiting the sit spot in different seasons builds nature connection.
Supporting children to be nature stewards is a great way to give back. Studying local habitats will help children understand how they can help support wildlife. For example, helping children get to know a piece of local land and care for it, or creating a hedgehog home. One way to prompt discussions about sharing is to re-enact the stone soup story outside. I was recently in a restaurant and the waitress said “you used to teach me in Reception! I always remember when we made stone soup over the campfire. You’ll be impressed – I talked to my boss recently and now we donate our excess food to a local charity. It’s all about giving back, isn’t it, Mrs. Watkins?”
In order for this approach to work, it is vital that your staff are invested and take ownership of the process. When we introduced the concept, there were a range of reactions, ranging from enthusiasm and excitement to, “Here’s another thing we have to do!” (Along with the inevitable eye roll!) We found it helpful to explain in detail the thinking behind this shift in approach and the aim of making staff development as meaningful and personalised as possible, in order to improve outcomes for our children. Reassuring staff that as a school we would invest in the time needed to make this work and not expect it to be done in their own time helped. Involving staff at the planning stage enabled them to feel part of the process, rather than it being viewed as something that was “done to them.” In addition, reassuring them that this was very much a self-evaluative and collaborative process, not linked to performance management in any way, put minds at rest and helped to create buy-in.
We used materials from The Great Teacher Toolkit and adapted these to create a self-reflection document that was split into 4 key areas of teaching:
Using the analysis from the staff audits, we matched staff into triads, considering their identified areas for improvement. We also ensured each triad included staff with a range of experience and who worked in different phases.
Some of the initial hesitation we observed seemed to be due to the confidence of individual staff, so training them in coaching skills was integral to the process. We used “Walk Thrus” as our main resource for upskilling our teachers. In addition, we have several staff currently undertaking NPQs, and we asked them to share the approaches they had looked at through this training. One model our staff found especially useful was the “GROW” approach to coaching conversations.
During our first coaching cycle, we trialled two different sets of training resources, then asked staff to evaluate these and selected one to use moving forwards. We found the “Walk Thrus” were unanimously preferred, being succinct, visual and easy to understand. In order to support staff, we signposted them to the relevant section of the resources for their chosen development area.
During our first coaching cycle, we decided to complete the process without observations, as our staff were still learning the process and developing coaching skills. By the second cycle, when staff confidence had grown, we added in teaching observations where triads observed each other through the “lens” of the strategy they had been applying. This led to coaching conversations being driven by the evidence-based approaches, rather than them feeling targeted on the individual. Each triad had a dedicated coaching day out of class, which meant that staff had the time to delve deeper into the process, making it more meaningful. It’s important to consider how you can free time up for staff so that this does not feel like an “add on” to workload. If we do not show that we are investing time and resources into the process, it will never have the impact we intend it to.
With coaching triads comprised of staff from different year groups, we naturally found that the approaches being explored by different triads were shared between teaching teams and there was a “buzz” across school, with staff talking about and experimenting with new strategies. In addition to this, we held an informal staff meeting at the end of the coaching cycle, where each triad had 10 minutes to present their top tips and key take-aways from the process. This allowed all staff to be exposed to the learning each triad had delved into, with just the key information and tried/tested approaches shared. As teachers, we are far more likely to try out something that has been recommended to us, is easy to implement and has been proven to have a positive effect on our pupils.
This was a tricky question to consider and will depend on your particular context. Obviously the ongoing records of coaching sessions and evaluations provided qualitative information. In addition, measures such as staff/pupil voice, learning walks and pupil data can provide impact measures. By the end of our third coaching cycle, triads will also have produced a one-page case study of a group of pupils, looking at their barriers to learning, strategies applied and how these impacted on their learning. We will also have used the self-audit tool to re-evaluate, which will give quantitative data about the impact on teacher proficiencies. Above all, try not to make any records or impact measures onerous or time consuming. The essence of this process is to move teaching and learning forwards, not to create additional workload or paperwork! The simple fact that in the vast majority of performance management reviews, our staff have openly discussed the various ways in which our coaching cycles have helped them to improve their teaching practice and used this as evidence towards meeting their targets speaks volumes! In our staff voice, 94% of teachers voiced that the coaching cycle had had “a significant impact on teaching and the outcomes for pupils.”
It is important to recognise that this journey towards improving professional development is an evolving process. This is entirely dependent on your school context and the staff body you are working with. It is vital to listen, take notice and be ready to adapt as things progress, whilst maintaining a focus on your key priorities and the impact on pupil outcomes. We are now within our third coaching cycle and have learned many lessons and adapted along the way.
Our aim in a nutshell was to “develop a CPD programme which is based on evidence-informed strategies, yet relevant to our context and personalised to the individual needs of staff.”
As a school, we are now much closer to achieving this. Our staff are involved in directing their own learning. Our teachers have developed more reflective practice and feel empowered by this approach. Are we yet having a lasting impact on pupil outcomes and make a difference for the children? It looks positive and we are starting to see evidence of this! We now need to keep the momentum going, continually reviewing and adapting as needed in the ever-evolving process of improving teaching and learning; a process which firmly has the pupils (and staff) at the heart of it.
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